Romanesque Architecture is the prominent style of architecture of medieval Europe. The architecture is categorized by semi-circular arches. There is no starting date of the Romanesque architecture. But it had proposals from the 6th century to the 11th century. However, later on, in the 12th century, the architecture got transformed into the Gothic style where there were pointed arches. We can find Romanesque architecture anywhere in the world especially in the European continent. Norman Architecture is basically the traditional term for the Romanesque style in England.
The Unique Structure Pattern
Romanesque Architecture is the perfect mixture of ancient Roman and Byzantine architecture along with some effect of other local traditions. The architecture is known for its very unique identities. These individualities contain thick walls, enormous quantity, strong pillars, curved arches, barrel vaults, attractive arcading. In this architecture, every single building has very regular norms and symmetrical plans. So, the overall look of the buildings comes out to be simple than the Gothic buildings. We can see such styles anywhere across Europe. This too in spite of regional features and different materials.
In the specific time, multiple castles were built. But, basically, they have overcome by the churches. Out of the many churches do still exist and many do not. So, the number of churches built during the architecture was taken forward by the Gothic Architecture. The Gothic architecture built almost all Romanesque churches in prime areas such as England and Portugal.
The Scope Of Romanesque Architecture
This architecture has almost every type of buildings. Out of these types, commercial as well as domestic buildings are the rare ones. The United Kingdom had a number of survivors with the number of clusters in France.
To count on, most of the living Romanesque buildings include churches that call for tiny chapels and great cathedrals. However, most of them are extended or modified in different styles. Also, a number of styles stayed intact and restored. This is to elaborate on the form, decoration, and character of church architecture.
Few Points On Characteristics
Romanesque architecture was massive solidity and strength in secular as well as ecclesiastical buildings. The architecture depends upon the walls or the sections of the walls that we now called piers. The architecture has two different parts named ‘first Romanesque’ and the ‘Romanesque’ style. It doesn’t have much difference than the matter of expertise with the help of which buildings created. The First Romanesque style had rubbed walls, unvalued roots, and smaller windows. However, the Second Romanesque has some sort of greatest refinement. This includes the increased use of vault as well as the dressed stone.
The walls of Romanesque buildings have a huge thickness along with small openings. They are usually filled with rubble and double shells. However, the material varies crosswise Europe that would depend on the local stone as well as building societies.